This article aims to provide a simple style guide for wiki articles to follow. There are often disputes over which style rule or formatting to use, so an official style guide helps resolve these disputes and to reach a consensus.

Capital letters

Use sentence case for article titles and section headings.

Avoid capitalizing names of plants and animals. Among the exceptions are scientific names (Felis catus) and proper nouns occurring as part of a name.

The seasons (summer, winter, spring, and fall/autumn) are not to be capitalized.


To indicate approximately, the non-italicized abbreviation c. (followed by a space) is preferred over circa, ca., or approx.

Write US or U.S., but not USA.

Use "and" instead of the "&" sign, except in tables, infoboxes, and official names like AT&T.


Apostrophes and quotation marks

Use straight quote marks " and apostrophes ' as available from the keyboard, and not alternatives such as “ ” and ‘ ’.

Italicize names of books, films, TV series, music albums, paintings, and ships—but not short works like songs or poems, which should be in quotation marks.

Write James's house, not James' house.

Periods and commas

Place a full stop (a period) or a comma before a closing quotation mark if it belongs as part of the quoted material; otherwise put it after:

The word carefree means "happy".

But Alice said, "I'm feeling carefree."

(Please do so irrespective of any rules associated with the variety of English in use.)

An ellipsis should be written as three separate dots (...): not spaced (. . .), and not using the single-character option (…).

The serial comma (for example the comma before and in "ham, chips, and eggs") is optional; be sensitive to possible ambiguity from thoughtless use or thoughtless avoidance. read more ... Avoid comma splices.

Picture captions should not end in a full stop (a period) unless they are complete sentences.

Dashes and hyphens

Avoid using a hyphen after a standard -ly adverb (a newly available home).

A hyphen is not a dash. Hyphens are used within words or to join words, but not in punctuating the parts of a sentence. Use an en dash (–) with   before and a space after; or use an em dash (—) without spaces. Avoid using two hyphens (--) to make a dash; and avoid using a hyphen for a minus sign.

Use an en dash, not a hyphen, between numbers: pp. 14–21; 1953–2008. An en dash is also to connect parallel terms: red–green colorblind; a New York–London flight. Use spaces around the en dash only if the connected terms are multi-unit dates: January 1999 – December 2000.

Dates and numbers

Write number 1 or No. 1, but not #1. Comic books are an exception. Do not use the symbol .

Write 12,000 for twelve thousand, not 12.000.

Both 10 June 1921 and June 10, 1921, are correct, but should be consistent within an article. A comma is not used if only the month is given, such as June 1921.

AD 400 and 400 BC are correct; but so are 400 CE and 400 BCE. As always, use one style consistently in an article.

Use one, two, three, ..., eight, nine in normal article text, not 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 (although there are many exceptional circumstances; and some other numbers may be written as words also).


Fave prefers no major national variety of the language over any other. These varieties (e.g. U.S. English, British English) differ in vocabulary (soccer vs. football), spelling (center vs. centre), and occasionally grammar.

Avoid words like I, we, and you, except in quotations and names of works.

Avoid phrases like note that and remember that (which assume "you" for the reader); and avoid such expressions as of course and obviously.

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